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Ekonomi
SUNYINYA KLIA

TJ AsiaWeek: KLIA -
(Bukan) Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa
By Kapal Berita 28/10/2000 9:34 pm Sat
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KLIA - (Bukan) Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Yang DiSangka [http://webantu.cjb.net/] Rencana ini amat menarik, malah lebih menarik jika diterjemahkan kesemuanya sekali. Di saat PM Malaysia, Mahathir seronok menghabiskan duit berbilion banyaknya dengan projek berprestij serta mendabik dada dengan kenyataan pulihnya ekonomi, apa yang tampak tidak menggambarkan sedemikian. Kadar penyewaan ruang pejabat di menara-menara sekitar Kuala Lumpur kini kini menduduki tempat terbawah sekali. Betul - Malaysia membina kesemua menara-menara itu, tetapi tiada sesiapa yang mengisi ruang di dalamnya! Kosongnya Petronas Twin Towers: Statistik terakhir menunjukkan hanya 60% menara Petronas terisi, itupun ramai yang berkerut dahi kerana pulangan pelaburan tidak memuaskan. Jika Petronas sendiri tidak berada di dalam bangunan itu, mungkin peratusnya akan semakin kecil lagi! Mungkin ia menjadi bandar yang baru diserang JE! Sunyinya KLIA KLIA yang bernilai US 2.6 billion itu kini kelihatan mengikut jejak menara Petronas. Ia nampak sibuk ketika demam Formula One, tetapi selepas itu ia tinggal berdebu sahaja macam litar itu juga.

Apa yang berlaku lain pula ragam sibuknya KLIA. Tentu kita masih belum lupa Sanusi Junid melayangkan buahnya kepada pekerja KLIA. Bila ruangnya besar penatlah para pekerja tetapi nampaknya pak menteri tidak boleh bersabar walaupun sedikit sahaja. Semua Sudah Terbang Lari Dua minggu lepas British Airways sudah angkat kaki dari KLIA. Sebelum itu Qantas dan Ansett serta Lufthansa turut berundur dari menerbangi ruang KLIA. Selain mereka, beberapa syarikat gergasi penerbangan US turut meminggiri KLIA. Ini termasuklah United, American, Swissair , Air France dan SAS. Maka KLIA kini hanya penuh dengan penerbangan kelas kedua (2nd tier) antarabangsa sahaja. Lapangan terbang Bangkok, walaupun lebih buruk dan tua, masih dapat menawan dan melayan 3 KALI GANDA kapalterbang dari KLIA! Tentunya ada sesuatu yang istimewa walaupun ianya buruk.... ia tetap berguna!

Prioriti dan Impian Yang Tidak Menjadi Lee Kuan Yew pernah berkata prioriti utama negara beliau ialah membina imej dan kecekapan kerana lapangan terbang itu adalah impresi pertama pelancung asing ke sesebuah negara. Nampaknya negara kita tidak memandang kata-kata itu dengan semua panca-indera yang ada - Kualiti, bukannya keluasan berapa kaki. Sewaktu Mahathir merancang KLIA 12 tahun lepas, objektif beliau adalah untuk menjadikan KL sebagai satu pusat (hub) penerbangan. Ketika itu Singapura, Hong Kong dan Bangkok merupakan pusat penerbangan di Timur Asia. Walaupun impian itu tidak menjadi, KLIA cuba juga sedikit untuk menarik perhatian dan mencuri pelanggan.

Sebenarnya lapangan terbang itu bukannya untuk mengisi manusia yang bergelar penumpang sahaja. Pasaran kargo memainkan peranan juga. Pelik tapi benar, pengekspot Malaysia sendiri menggunakan khidmat Lapangan terbang Changi di Singapura untuk menghantar barangan kerana ia lebih murah! Begitu juga dengan penumpang yang mengambil penerbangan transit shuttle - mereka memilih untuk singgah ke Singapura. Faktor Untuk Berjaya Kejayaan Bangkok patut dijadikan tauladan. Walaupun ianya buruk, ia mendapat pulangan yang memuaskan. Mungkin Malaysia perlu memberikan kebebasan kepada semua kapalterbang untuk singgah di KLIA dengan polisi langit terbuka. Melalui polisi ini, sebarang syarikat kapalterbang boleh mengambil kargo atau penumpang bila-bila sahaja. Namun begitu, jika ini berlaku ia akan membuatkan nasib MAS yang memang sudah sarat dengan hutang itu semakin kronik - sehingga ia mungkin di bail-out pula. Walaupun begitu, sekurang-kurangnya ia akan dapat memberi nafas kepada KLIA supaya tidak tersepit.

Jelaslah modal yang dilaburkan oleh Malaysia itu tidak menghasilkan sesuatu yang di idam-idamkan. Tetapi ia mungkin dapat mengelakkan KLIA daripada menjadi satu lapangan terbang yang paling mahal "dibualkan" nasibnya di seantara dunia.

-TJ Kapal Berita-



Source: ASIAWeek: http://www.cnn.com/ASIANOW/asiaweek/business/2000/10/27/ Business: Malaysia's (Not So) International Airport This is One White Elephant That May Not Fly By ASSIF SHAMEEN October 27, 2000 Web posted at 11.00 a.m. Hong Kong time, 11.00 p.m. EDT Build and they shall come. That was Malaysian Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamed's strategy in the pre-Crisis era. Tens of billions of dollars were spent on prestige projects, from highways to skyscrapers to gleaming shopping malls. Today, while Malaysia claims that its economy is fast recovering, its capital Kuala Lumpur has the highest vacancy rate for office towers, shopping malls and hotels among major Asian cities. True, Malaysians have built them all. But nobody's interested in filling them. While Malaysia's billion-dollar 88-storeyed landmark Petronas Tower (60% occupied at last count) doesn't quite look like a white elephant, even though it is nearly half empty and may never provide its owners a decent return on their investment, the US$2.6 billion Kuala Lumpur International Airport or KLIA is now decidedly starting to look like one, though. Built an hour and half drive away from the Malaysian capital in what was once a palm oil plantation near Sepang, KLIA has never taken off since it opened over two and half years ago. Two weeks ago, British Airways suspended all services to and from KLIA. BA's decision to pull out of the airport follows similar decisions by Australia's Qantas and Ansett Airlines and Germany's Lufthansa over the past two years. Other major global airlines like United, American, Swissair, Air France, and SAS have all avoided flying to Malaysia. KLIA is now reduced to receiving a handful of Asian airlines, as well as some second-tier international carriers. Bangkok airport, which caters to twice as many passengers each day, is used by three times as many foreign airlines as KLIA. The gap between them is widening in favor of the Thai capital, even though it has a tired, old and cramped airport. Singapore's Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew once said one of his top initial priorities was to make Singapore's airport the best there was in Asia, because an airport is often the first thing foreigners see when they land in a country. First impressions are almost always the most lasting ones, he reasoned. Malaysian leaders may have taken that advice too literally. When Mahathir first decided to move Malaysia's main international airport from Subang to Sepang some 12 years ago, his objective was to turn Kuala Lumpur into a regional hub. East Asia already has several airline hubs Singapore, Hong Kong and Bangkok. Another hub so close to the existing three hubs seemed like a non-starter. But Mahathir's aim wasn't to displace Singapore or Hong Kong, just to take some business away from them. Still, airports aren't just about passengers. They are also about cargo. KLIA lags way behind in cargo, because Malaysian exporters tend to truck their goods to Singapore's Changi, from where th! ey can reach global markets more cost effectively. Passengers to and from Malaysia are doing the same by taking the shuttle flight to Singapore to connect to other global destinations. With the advent of super jumbos like the new Airbus A3XX or Boeing's 747-Stretch X, airports around the world will be further divided into hubs and spokes. Hubs will be airports where all the major regional and global airlines fly to and from, while local and regional airlines take passengers to nearby spokes. Singapore and Hong Kong have already carved their niches as Asia's premier hubs. Bangkok is actually bigger than Singapore and carried 28 million passengers over the past 12 months compared to Singapore's 27 million and Hong Kong's 30 million. KLIA, which is 63rd biggest airport in the world and 11th biggest in Asia carried just 15 million passengers during the past 12 months. The success of Bangkok airport as a hub proves an important point. I believe you don't need to spend billions on infrastructure to get a lot of business. So what is Kuala Lumpur to do about its US$2.6 billion investment? Malaysian officials still seem to believe they can turn their little spoke into a huge hub. An annual Grand Prix fills the airport on the morning after, but it can't turn a spoke into a hub all year round. Malaysians are talking about offering lower landing fees and other enticements to lure foreign carriers to KLIA. But I believe they might want to try open sky policy. Let any airline land at KLIA and take passengers or cargo to anywhere it wants to at any time. Sure, it might force the already debt-ridden flag-carrier Malaysia Airlines into further financial disarray and even necessitate a state-sponsored Malaysian-style bailout. But it would dig KLIA from the hole it's stuck in. Malaysian capital might not become a hub it has always wanted to be. But it might just prevent KLIA from becoming world's most expensive "spoke" airport. Link Reference : Asiaweek : http://www.cnn.com/ASIANOW/asiaweek/business/2000/10/27/ Print This Message : http://server22.hypermart.net/webantu/cgi-bin/forum.cgi?id=KM2&print=3088